I am a lawyer and a Phd candidate in Political Theory at the University of Florida. First off, I will use this place to host info about classes I am teaching (syllabi, assignments, etc). This is so that most people will be able to have up-to-date info. I might also keep academic works-in-progress here, as well as a current CV.
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So what the hell is Obama's stimulus? Well, here is just MY take:
For immediate stimulus NOW, it is more important that Treasury Sec. Geithner use the rest of the TARP money in a smart way--by FORCING banks to led
70% (or so) of the money. This will bring more quick stimulus than the so-called "stimulus" plan. Sadly, under Bush, former Sec. Paulson just gave money to
banks, and they used it to recapitalize, NOT lend. Geithner needs to
attach strings to fed money. And some huge investment in SBA loans would be good
too. Also, a "Bad Asset Bank"--which is what Paulson told Congress TARP
would be--is a pretty decent idea. This "bad bank" would buy up the toxic assets and let
them sit for ten years (like in New Deal). When FDR did this, the Government eventually made money on the bad loans. (Of course the assets now are a more confusing.)
Contrary to its moniker, Obama's plan is more a long-term / New-Deal style investment plan than a true immediate "stimulus" plan.
What it does:
Roads/Bridges (Army Core of Engineers rank us as a C- or D+ for interior investment. Lower than Cuba for fucksake.)
New public schools
Nationwide Electric Grid
Alternative fuel R and D
Country-wide public broad-band wireless
Tax incentives for small businesses to make new jobs
Tax cuts for businesses to basically write off all of last five
years losses on this year (even if they wrote them off previously)
Digitizing medical records
All of these not only create jobs in next three years, but lay a
foundation for a "managed capitalism" just like New Deal laid
foundation for our ability to eventually militarize in WW2 and for the great
expansion of the middle class.
Think of a nationwide electric grid, broadband national wireless internet, alt
fuels, and etc, as analogous to the TVA and REA bringing electricity to the southern US or the
Fed interstate system. These are investments that payoff for 50 years (or more).
It is true that, "monetary policy" is usually better than spending and
tax cuts to quickly stimulate economy. But we dont have any monetary
policy any more because we cannot cut interest rates anymore. (They are
at, what, .5%?)
Economists think that for every dollar you spend in public spending
you get 1.50$ to 1.70$ return in the economy. Tax cuts have only a
return of about 75% because people save. BUT, if you can target tax
cuts to create jobs and stimulate the economy, that will help.
This crisis is a perfect storm: housing crisis, unemployment, and (the worst) a credit crisis.
As I wrote, Obama's plan is more of a long-term investment than a
stimulus. . We will not see full effect until 2011. That is OK because
the GAO--under Bush--said the recession will certainly last until 2010
and possibly to 2016. (This report is a nice cover politically for
Obama, especially because Bush's people did it.)
Even though the House vote was along part lines, Obama meeting with
(only) GOPers was a nice piece of good-will. It is also a nice contrast
with Bush who wouldn't even meet with Sens and Reps from his OWN party,
no less the Dems.
But, yeah, 2009 and probably 2010 is shot economically. But people
will suffer less under Democratic control. (New plans give longer unemployment benefits, lower taxes, more food
stamps, roads, bridges, etc etc). Dems will likely lose seats in
Congress in 2010 (like Reagan's GOP did in 1982, and Clinton's Dems in
1994). Luckily, the GOP are on the defense in Congress again when it
comes to retirements and such. (It is very unlikely that Dem would lose CONTROL of either chamber.)
Some other stuff Obama/Gienther/Congress need to do:
- re-regulate the banking industry so that commercial and investment banks are separate again - re-instate the "uptick" rule so traders cannot short sell and then drive down the price of the stock, short selling is ok, as long as you cannot manipulate the stock - refigure the capital-to-debt ratio of banks - reguglate commidies so that things like "credit default swaps" can be a thing of the past - return to older lending rules regarding loans, possibly by changing CRA. Get rid of ARM loans and etc - Extend the Dow dropping "time-out" to a full 24 hours - Back-up stocks in 401ks if people invest in certain types of funds
FDR saved capitalism once; Obama could do it again.
If Obama does it right, he can not only take us out of this bad economy, but he could put an end to the "yo-yo" or "casino" capitalism of the last 30 years. It will finally be the end of Reaganism. The greatest expansion of the middle class was from 1935 - 1968, which also coincides with the New-Deal / Great Society managed capitalism. A new, information-based version of "managed capitalism" can recreate a "middle-class focused" America and create a long-term Democratic majority.